A short history of Kalash
The Kalasha consider that God had saved the three Kalash valleys as his personal keep. And then gave it to their ancestors whilst they became unwilling to marry. A few overseas historians say, that the Kalasha are descended from the squaddies of Alexander. Wazir Ali Shah, a historian of Chitral mentions that, in statistics to Alexander’s marketing campaign withinside the Hindu Kush, there are bills of skirmishes with pagan tribes with a way of life much like the Kalasha.
Other scholars, such as G.A. Grierson and Ghulam Murtaza, suppose that probably the Kalasha inhabited the region among decrease Bashgul Valley and Ghaga Serai (in Afghanistan) for about 3 centuries. Then, across the 10th and 11th century A.D, they had been pushed north toward Chitral via way of means of the Bashali Kafirs. Jettmar additionally attracts a hyperlink among goat worship most of the mountain tribes of Iran and the area of the Karakorams withinside the east in which there may be severe goat breeding and the Kalasha who’re well-known for his or her abnormal rites and ideals related with wild and home goats.
Furthermore, With the assist of Wazir Ali Shah, who translated a few applicable quantities of records known as ‘Tarik-e-Chitral’, via way of means of the Persian pupil Ghulam Murtaza, Gillian Darling statistics that, at some point of the primary millennium B.C., the entire region of Chitral (which, in keeping with Jettmar, is near crucial migration routes utilized by the Indo-Aryan invaders-the Oxus-Wakhan Corridor withinside the north and the Kabul valley withinside the south), became managed via way of means of the early Darian Iranians.
Impact of Islam
During the 7th century A.D., a great deal of the regions became invaded via way of means of Arab forces and transformed to Islam. The Kalasha, themselves, are believed via way of means of Murtaza to have arrived withinside the Chitral region withinside the 10th century and got here from the Bashgal area that’s now Afghanistan. They have been driven out via way of means of different Kafir tribes who in flip had been being pressed via way of means of invading Islamic armies from the west.
Darling is going on to mention that during Kalasha oral histories, ‘Tsiam’ is their conventional domestic. One concept recommend is that it’s far from the metropolis of Chaga Serai in jap Afghanistan. However, Darling is dubious of this. According to the Kalasha, Tsiam is reputed to be the authentic domestic of each General Shalakshah and the Kalasha ‘Messenger of God’- at some point of the iciness solstice – the competition of ‘Chau-Maus’.
The Chinese assumed strength withinside the First Century B.C. They had been conquered withinside the 2nd century A.D. via way of means of the Kushans beneath neath King Kanishka. Under the Kushans, Buddhism flourished in conjunction with the early pagan religions of the area.
Other views about Kalasha origin
Again, according to Darling, the Kalasha oral histories mention a place called ‘Yarkhan’. Yarkhan was an ancient Buddhist center that is now in the Chinese western province of Sinkiang. A number of beliefs and institutions of the Kalasha are thought to have originated there. Whether the Kalasha, as claimed by Morganstierne, did indeed move from Tsiam to the Wagul valley to the Chitral area or not, it is obvious, if one reads Robertson’s classic work on the area. As, the Kafirs of Nuristan (Eastern Afghanistan) and the Kalasha, who inhabited the area east of the Durand Line, are closely related.
When this author was in the valley of Waigul, in Nuristan, a village elder told me that he believed the Waigalis, who say that many centuries ago their people migrated to the Kalasha valleys (the Kalasha also give the same story) are descended from the Kurds. The Kurds, too, believe they are descended from a regiment of Alexander’s army. They are also of Aryan appearance, are mountain people, and are goat herders. Having traveled across Turkey and Syria, this hypothesis seems to me to have some credibility…… A Presentation of Bugiandassociates@Pictiright.
Woodwork images of the Kafirs show their origin
In his book ‘Bolor and Dardistan’, Jettmar puts forward a number of parallels between the Kalasha and other remote tribes. He mentions that there is a possible relationship between the wooden images of the Kafirs and those made in western Nepal.
The word swastika comes from Sanskrit: स्वस्तिक, romanized: svastika, meaning “conducive to well-being”. In Hinduism, the right-facing symbol (卐) is called swastika, symbolizing Surya (“sun”), prosperity, and good luck. While the left-facing symbol (卍) is called sauwastika, symbolizing night or tantric aspects of Kali. In Jainism, a swastika is a symbol for Suparshvanatha – the seventh of 24 Tirthankaras (spiritual teachers and saviors). While in Buddhism it symbolizes the auspicious footprints of the Buddha. In several major Indo-European religions, the swastika symbolizes lightning bolts, representing the thunder god. Moreover, it represents the king of the gods, such as Indra in Vedic Hinduism, Zeus in the ancient Greek religion, Jupiter in the ancient Roman religion, and Thor in the ancient Germanic religion