Mirrza Asadullah Baig Khan-The ghazal of Ghalib

Mirrza Asadullah Baig Khan-The ghazal of Ghalib

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Mirrza Asadullah Baig Khan (Urdu: مرزا اسد اللٌٰه بیگ خان‎; 27 December 1797 – 15 February 1869), also acknowledged by means of the pen names of Ghalib (Urdu: غالب‎, romanized: Ġālib, lit. ’dominant’) and Asad (Urdu: اسد‎, romanized: Asad, lit. ’lion’), was an Indian poet. The ghazal of Ghalib gave him a name and fame throughout the world. His honorific turned into Dabir-ul-Mulk, Najm-ud-Daula. During his lifetime, the already declining Mughal empire turned into eclipsed and displaced via the British East India Company Rule and eventually deposed following the defeat of the First Indian War of Independence (Sepoy Mutiny) of 1857; these are described thru his paintings.

He wrote in each Urdu and Persian. Although his Persian Divan is at least five times longer than his Urdu Divan, his fame rests on his poetry in Urdu. Today, Ghalib remains popular no longer simplest inside the Indian subcontinent however also most of the Hindustani diaspora around the world

By the middle of the twentieth Century, Ghalib turned into a much-sung poet. And thru the course of the century, he became capable of maintaining that because maximum of the top-of-the-line vocalists wanted to sing the ghazal of Ghalib.

Poetry in our subcontinent

Ours is and became basically an oral lifestyle. The entire tradition of poetry is valued too because it changed into rendered inside the spoken form and the connection of the poet and the audience was mounted orally. The instantaneous reaction was considered of more price than the grievance evolved inside the academia within the course of colonial rule. Mushaira changed into a much-prized group and the poets, too, extra regularly than no longer, recited their poetry. There had been needs of “tarannum say” from the audience and it is said that Iqbal, too, become lauded greater when he recited his poetry in tarannum.


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It is very hard to say nowadays what the repute of the ghazal as a shape of the song before the beginning of the 20 Century was. The identical may be stated of all kinds of the track because it existed in time and there was simply no manner to record it earlier than the arrival of the recording era.

The most effective manner to record the song become to either write about it or to orally take the subculture of singing further. The latter, a much-prized group, the guru-shishiya parampara or the ustad-shagird pedagogical nexus in fact stored the culture of the song alive. It became carried forward from one era to the next with the aid of agencies of expert musicians who had been imagined to do just that, and it became embedded in their genealogical makeup to nearly become a sub-caste.

 Mirza Ghalib poetry in Urdu

qita kijye na tualq ham say

kuch nahi hay tu adawat hi sahi

Another Ghalib Ghzal:

un kay dekhay say jo aa jati ha munh par ronaq

wo samajhty han kay bemar ka haal acha hay

khulta kisi pay kiyun mere dil ka muamla

sheron kay intkhab nay ruswa kiya mujhey

As a shape of poetry, ghazal turned into an import. It was sung within the Iranian culture where the poetical form carried out unheard of heights and was then culturally transported to the Indian sub-continent in which it changed into multiplied through both the poets writing in Persian and Urdu. In Urdu, too, it has remained the best shape of poetical expression over the last couple of centuries, at least for the reason that times of Wali Dakhani.

Singing the ghazal of Ghalib.

We recognize that the ghazal became sung at the side of the opposite lyrical paperwork in locations which at quality may be defined as salons of dancing girls. The lighter kinds of making a song just like the thumri and Dadra continually evolved as concomitant to dancing. The salons, run by using ladies of fantastic latent and creative integrity, were the hotbed of the rising paperwork which probably did not locate ready popularity at the numerous tiers of courts.

Probably, there was the third tier after the courts presided over by the shahenshahs or the mahabalis and those at the provincial ranges with the aid of the nawabs and the rajas. It turned into also open to the public, albeit very restrained as compared to the courts, where the attendance could handiest be through invitation. There changed into in all likelihood a bigger pass-phrase of target market on the salons than at the courts or classes for the aristocracy.

It may be guessed that the ghazal of Ghalib turned into not a favorite with the vocalists as he was known to be mushkil pasand. The poets at risk of instant knowledge and greater sentimental in their outlook have to were extra prominent. There is a terrific probability that a person like Daagh become more trendy than Ghalib. It is feasible additionally that poets who have been greater critical in their method were wary of their ghazals being sung in the salons and liked in terms of economic rewards within the form of vails. Popular ghazals were also sung in level plays and should have helped the art of ghazal making a song mature because the actors were broadly speaking vocalists and their rendition at times turned into considered an unbiased act regardless of the on-degree waft of action.

A famous ghazal of Ghalib.

Following is a famous Ghalib ghazal in Urdu with English translation.

mohabbat meñ nahīñ hai farq jiine aur marne kā

usī ko dekh kar jiite haiñ jis kāfir pe dam nikle

In love, there is no difference ‘tween life and death do know

The very one for whom I die, life too does bestow

It could be very hard to mention which ghazals of Ghalib had been sung first and became famous with the audience that visited the salons. Even the names of the vocalists specializing within the singing of the ghazals are not recognized like those of famous kheyal and thumri maestros that have come all the way down to us. As Ghalib grew in popularity, myths started out being spun and grew in proportion about his private lifestyles and man or woman. Names of a few woman vocalists were romantically connected to him. This has become the grist of the famous display enterprise mill as films, the TV performs and serials have been made, unnecessary to say now not as a loyal depiction of his existence however as the necessity of creating a drama.

The history of singing the ghazal of Ghalib is a mystery

Ghalib’s writings too can be visible as the legacy that inspired subsequent poetic endeavors. In one recognize, he was extremely elitist and obscure because the Persian language that he wrote and took a wonderful deal of pride in writing turned into phased out of the lives of the educated or literate Indians. Had he handiest written in Persian on this a part of the world, Ghalib could simply have been remembered by using the academia and pupils, like Urfi, Nazeeri, and Bedil. However, the singers made Ghalib a household name for a few of the city middle class of North India.

It is very hard to trace again the history of music as it most effectively existed in time and all else is both hearsay or oral narration. It is difficult to recall for verification and authenticity. The actual records that can be documented commenced with the recording of sound. The recording of tracks in India started within the early years of the 20 Century. It is likewise said that the primary vocalist to be recorded was Gohar Jan.

For document, we’ve got a seventy-eight rpm disc of Gohar Jan: yeh na thi Hamari kismet, keh wisal e yaar hota. Others of approximately the identical era whose recordings have survived are Shamshad Bai Dilliwali: dost ghamkhwari important meri sa’ye farmain homosexual kiya and one Hujrowali: taskeen ko hum na roain jo zauqe nazar milay.

A few other singers contributed to singing the ghazal of Ghalib

The vocalists who were valued and also sang Ghalib have contributed to him.  So, the ghazal of Ghalib became visible, and Ghalib as a famous poet. Akhteri Bai Faizabadi, KL Saigal, and Barkat Ali Khan now not simplest sang Ghalib however also took the rendition of the shape more than one notches higher. Once this become done, then everyone sang Ghalib. Talat Mehmood, Malika Pukhraj, Noor Jehan, Mehdi Hasan, Amanat Ali Khan, Farida Khanum, Iqbal Bano, Ghulam Ali, Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Jagjit Singh – you call it and it’s far there.

 We entered other phases of music history. The youthful generation considers all random music as classical.  And very few surely keep in mind dhrupad, kheyal, and even thumri. However, the ghazal of Ghalib gave a distinctive color to the music of our subcontinent


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