Art and culture of India

Art and culture of India

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What are art and culture?. Art and culture of India.

As the word culture is a Latin root cultura or cultus. Therefore, it’s meaning to “inhabit, cultivate, or honor”.  In addition, culture can also be defined as the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a particular people or society. Moreover, culture is the way of life of a group of people. While art is a Latin word, means arrangement. So, art can also be defined as the expression and application of human creative skill and imaginative power. It is typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power.

Moreover, culture can also be the collective deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, and religion. In addition, it can also be the notions of time, roles, spatial relations, and concepts of the universe. And it can be material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving. Moreover, Culture is the system of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people. Culture is simply communication, communication is culture.

How Does Art Affect Culture and Society?

As art is the repository of society’s collective memory. Therefore, it preserves the historical records. Art is influences society. It is changing the opinions, translating the experiences across space and time. So, it affects the fundamental sense of self.

Painting, sculpture, music, literature, and the other arts tell us the fact about history that exists in a particular place at a particular time. Due to art, people belonging to different societies communicate with one another via images sound, and stories.

Global Tides, Colonial powers, indigenous traditions, and internal ethnic and religious rivalries all contribute to Indians’ modern sense of identity. This paper demonstrates how the development in art and culture of India reflects the contributions of these factors to the creation of an “imagined community” in India.

In particular, the artistic discourse in India reflects a larger tension in Indian identity and politics between becoming a part of the modern, global economy and remaining a unique, national, self-defining community.


In post-colonial India, the development of shared national identity has been a difficult
process. The colonial powers not only influenced the political and economic structure of the
country, but also the arts of the country. The British Raj introduced Western styles and mediums to Indian artists and constructed a history of Indian art that emphasized the importance and superiority of Muslim art and architecture over traditional Hindu forms of expression.

As India looks to create a unified national identity in the post-colonial era, these colonial constructions continue to influence the creation of Indian art, and thus, the creation of an Indian national identity. As Indian artists have reacted to colonial and western artistic styles, the importance of art as political discourse is relevant to defining an Indian identity within a globalized and westernized world. Because “the discourse of art arises out of its own discursive practices and is therefore necessarily implicated in politics,” the arts of India reflect not only stylistic innovations but the very meaning of what it is to be Indian in the contemporary world (Kojin 1996, p.34).

Related Article: Culture of Pakistan, cultural diversity in Pakistan

Namely, the interaction among various artistic influences in India reflects a larger tension in Indian identity and politics between becoming a part of the modern, global economy and remains a unique, national, self-defining community. By examining the various artistic and political influences that have emerged both internally and externally to the state of India and
that have created this artistic discourse, one will understand how artistic expression necessarily informs and creates an “imagined community” of national identity in India.

The Role of Art in Creating an ‘Imagined Community.

Benedict Anderson theorizes that the development of print capitalism in Western Europe “made it possible for rapidly growing numbers of people to think about themselves, and
to relate themselves to others, in profoundly new ways” (Anderson 1991, p. 90). This new
means of communication “laid the bases for national consciousness” and the development of the modern nation-state for it created an “imagined community” (Anderson 1991, pp. 94-95). In other words, the development of print communication allowed people to share ideas more easily and more quickly.

indian cultural dance

These literary works and ideas served as common reference points for groups and connected people through shared experiences. Art, like print communication, allows individuals to think about themselves and others in new and abstract ways, and plays a central role in the creation of an imagined community. Because not only the artist but also the viewer maintains a relationship to a work of art, a single work or style of art, if held in common by a group of people, creates a common identity and a visual reference point for that created identity.

Much as an attachment to a common homeland creates a shared community among a group of
people, a common visual culture also creates a community among a group of people.
Art not only creates unity among individuals but also tangibly indicates an intangible

Rundown of Arts and Cultural Institutions in India

India isn’t just known for its social and topographical variety but on the other hand, is popular for an assortment of workmanship and social structures. It’s anything but a significant job in the change of society from combined to kaleidoscopic lastly to diffracted which further assistance in the improvement of any country.

India isn’t just known for its social and geological variety but on the other hand, is celebrated for an assortment of workmanship and social structures. It’s anything but a significant part in the change of society from intertwined to kaleidoscopic lastly to diffracted which further assistance in the improvement of any country.

This article gives you a brief look at all the significant data identified with social legacy, old landmarks, abstract expressions, and so on.

Craftsmanship and Cultural Institutions in India


Base camp

Anthropological Survey of India, 1945


Archeological Survey of India, 1861

New Delhi

Asiatic Society, 1784 (Sir William Jones)


Indira Gandhi National Center for Arts, 1985

New Delhi

Lalit Kala Akademi (National Academy of expressive arts), 1954

New Delhi

Public Archives of India, 1981

New Delhi

Public School of Drama, 1959

New Delhi

Sahitya Academy, 1954

Sangeet Natak Academy, 1953

New Delhi

New Delhi

Library of Tibetan Works and Archives


Science city


Victorial Memorial Hall


Birla Industrial and Tech Museum


Focal Institute of Buddhist Studies


Nava Nalanda Mahavihara

Nalanda (Birla)

Public Gallery of Modern Art

New Delhi

India International Center

New Delhi

A community for Cultural Resources and Training

New Delhi



Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), 1984

New Delhi

Kalakshetra Foundation, 1936

Thiruvanmiyur, Chennai

South Central Zone Cultural Center

Nagpur, Maharashtra

Eastern Zonal Cultural Center


Public Museum

New Delhi

Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library


Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies


North Central Zone Cultural Center


The Government Museum


The Government Museum and Art Gallery


The Mehrangarh Museum Trust


There are a few Universities that offer projects identifying with paleohistory, antiquated history, craftsmanship history, and so forth The following is the example rundown of Institutions with which grant holders have been associated.

Delhi University

Jawaharlal Nehru University

Calcutta University

Maharaja Shivaji Rao University of Baroda, Vadodara

Deccan College, Pune

Tamil University, Thanjavur

Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan

Snap-on the link for Complete Study Material on Indian History: Ancient History, Medieval History, and Modern History.

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